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Male Breast Cancer I t’s rare, but men have breast tissue and can have breast cancer. Like breast cancer in women, early diagnosis plays a significant role in a good outcome. and like the disease in women, treatment generally includes surgery to remove the affected tissue, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. cauSeS the Mayo clinic reports that science is still unclear on the causes of male breast cancer. We do know that everyone of all genders is born with some breast tissue, which consists of milkproducing glands known as lobules, ducts that move milk to the nipples, and fat. at puberty, women develop more breast tissue; men do not, but they retain what they were born with. there is evidence that a family history of breast cancer can make men more likely to get the disease. gene mutations, particularly in BRCA2, increase a man’s risk of both breast and prostate cancer. other risk factors are older age; exposure to estrogen; a genetic syndrome known as Klinefelter’s syndrome, in which boys are born with more than one copy of the X chromosome; liver and testicular disease; and obesity. Lobular carcinoma, which is cancer that starts in the TYPes milk-producing glands, is there are several types of rare, since men have very male breast cancer, accordfew milk-producing glands. ing to the Mayo clinic. other types of male breast cancer that begins in the cancer are Paget’s disease, milk ducts, or ductal carciwhich affects the nipple, and noma, is the most common inflammatory breast cancer. type of male breast cancer. sYmPToms anD tReatMent the breast. Diagnosis and treatment Symptoms of breast cancer for male breast cancer includes clinical breast in men may include a painexams, imaging tests that less lump or thickening in the breast tissue, nipple dis- allow the doctor to identify problem areas and abnorcharge or changes to the nipple, such as redness, scal- malities or a biopsy, when a doctor extracts tissue from ing or turning inward, or changes to the skin covering the suspicious area to test if it’s cancer. Because male breast cancer is often hormone-related, hormone therapy may be part of a treatment regimen; surgical treatment could include a full mastectomy or removal of a few lymph nodes that would be the most likely place for cancer to spread. Recurrent Breast Cancer W hile most breast cancers are treatable, it may come back. according to the Mayo clinic, recurrent breast cancer, which happens when not all cancer cells go undetected during treatment and remain in the body, may It may come back in the same place or may appear in other parts occur months or even years after you of the body; where it recurs also have initially been treated. affects the symptoms a patient experiences. STORE HOURS: Mon-Fri 7-5 • Sat 7-1 Closed Sunday 149 Commercial Drive Fredericktown, MO 63645 LocaL RecuRRence When the cancer reappears in the same place as your original cancer, this is known as a local recurrence. Women who had a lumpectomy could have a recurrence in the remaining breast tissue; women who had a mastectomy could experience a local recurrence in the tissue lining the wall of the chest or in the skin surrounding the breast. Symptoms of local recurrence of cancer could include a new lump or irregularly firm area, changes to the skin on or around the breast, skin inflammation, or redness or nipple discharge. Symptoms of cancer on the chest wall include painless nodules on or under the skin and unusual thickening near the mastectomy scar. RegIonaL oR DIStant RecuRRence 573.783.3391 www.giffordlumbercompany.com When cancer returns to the lymph nodes near the chest, this is regional breast cancer occurrence. Possible symptoms include lumps or swelling in the nodes in the underarm or collarbone area, in the groove above the collarbone or in the neck. Distant or metastatic recurrence means the cancer has moved to other parts of the body. Symptoms of this type of recurrence include persistent or worsening chest or bone pain, a persistent cough, lack of appetite, weight loss, headaches, seizures or difficulty breathing. RISk FactoRS OVERCOME THROUGH COURAGE & STRENGTH Let’s find a cure for breast cancer. HOURS: Tuesday-Thursday 11AM-8PM Friday & Saturday 11AM-9PM Sunday 11AM-8PM 113 East Main Street • Fredericktown 573-783-2209 there is no way to say with certainty whether cancer will come back. However, there are features of the initial cancer diagnosis that are seen in greater frequency when cancer recurs. they include: • Cancer cells in lymph nodes at the time of the original diagnosis. • Larger tumor size. • Lack of radiation treatment after a lumpectomy. • Younger age. • Inflammatory breast cancer. • Initial cancer that didn’t respond to hormone therapy or treatments directed to the triple negative breast cancer. • Positive tumor margins.