Details for KID PAGE

KiDs’

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SAFETY
Choking Hazards

hoking is among the leading causes of accidental death and injury for
infants and children, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Most of these incidents involve food, coins and toys, with more than 50
percent of those cases involving foods.

It’s important to know
what presents the greatest
risk of choking and how
you can protect your children.
THE rISKS

You might be surprised at
what young children can
choke on. According to the
AAP, choking hazards
include:
• Coins and coin-sized
lithium batteries.
• Buttons, pins, earrings,
stones and tacks.
• Toys with small or
removable parts.
• Toys small enough to fit
entirely into a child’s
mouth.
• Small balls or marbles.
• Small hair bows, barrettes and rubber bands.
• Pen or marker caps.
• Refrigerator magnets or
magnets found in children’s
games.
• Pieces of dog or cat
food.
• Balloons or balloon
pieces.
• Chewing gum or hard
or sticky candy.
• Foods like grapes, hot
dogs, raw carrots, peanuts,
popcorn, chunks of meat or
cheese, nuts and seeds.
Keep potential choking
hazards off the floor and

out of reach of young children. When buying toys,
make sure to pick toys that
are the right age group for
your children, which are
made according to safety
standards that should protect against choking.
KEEP AN EYE ouT
Besides keeping potential
choking hazards away from
young children, keep a

close eye on children while
they’re eating, and make
sure the food pieces are cut
small enough to not be a
danger. Kids shouldn’t play,
walk, run or lie down with
their food in their mouths.
Teach them to chew their
food well and not eat too
fast.
Learn the Heimlich
maneuver so if a child does

start choking, you know
how to respond. These are
different for babies and
young children than for
older children, so make
sure you know them both.
If a child swallows a magnet, Safe Kids Worldwide
recommends seeking
immediate medical attention. Swallowing magnets
can lead to abdominal pain,

nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
In addition to choking
hazards, be aware of other
suffocation risks. Keep
plastic bags out of reach of
children and tie up the
cords attached to window
blinds, including moving
cribs, beds and furniture
away from the windows.

prepare for a Sledding adventure

metal blades will work like
ice
skates, balancing riders’
ashing
weight on two metal runthrough the ners. These sleds can work
snow in a
well during icy conditions or
with hard-packed snow.
one-horse open
Toboggans can fit multiple
sleigh.
Winter holidays are made people, which can increase
all the more merry with the the fun factor and downhill
speeds. Saucer-style sleds are
addition of some outdoor
recreation. Sleighs and sleds good for one or two people.
Foam liners on some saucers
are par for the Christmas
can
absorb shock for riders,
course, especially when a
making those downhill
bounty of snow is in the
bumps a little easier on the
forecast.
Sledding has been part of backside. Keep in mind that
snowy celebrations for ages. sleds with steering mechaSledding is a fun-filled activ- nisms are easier to control,
which can equate to safer
ity, but it can be made an
even better time, and a little sledding.
safer, if revelers learn a little
more about it.
layer up
It is best to dress in layers
when going sledding Even if
Sled StyleS
it seems warm at home, it
Sleds come in many difmay be colder and windier
ferent styles, each with its
at the top of hills. Sweating
own advantages. Sleds with
when it’s cold out can

D

increase a person’s
risk for hypothermia. According to
experts at
Timberline Trails,
a person who
works up a sweat
and comes in contact with ambient
air when taking a
break will feel an
immediate chill.
This is called evaporative danger, and
can be remedied
by dressing in layers and trying to stay dry.

allowing them to compact
the snow, which should
make for a smooth ride.
Invest in a helmet
Choose safe hills, such as
Sledding requires the use those that are free of bare
of a helmet. At high speeds, spots, holes, trees, and
a blow to the head can cause obstructions, and do not end
a concussion or worse.
abruptly at a road. Hills with
a long, flat areas at the end
make for easy, safe stopping.

let otherS go firSt

Wait until some sledders
have already gone downhill,

Safety firSt

Put safety first when sled-

ding. Sled during the daytime so visibility is better.
Keep arms and legs on the
sled, and only sled feet-first,
advises the National Safety
Council.
By keeping these guidelines in mind, sledders can
make sure this popular winter activity is as safe as it is
fun.

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